from our 1st Quarter '01 newsletter
Would you like to be on our mailing
list for the printed version of IST Review?
Send us an e-mail. (Or you
may view or download a PDF version of current and past newsletters
IST joins multi-agency
exhibit for 22nd I/ITSEC
award will create technology center
IRT3 creates laser targets in the mist
Readability software is
from researcher's formula
Salas honored by psychological
New departments improve research focus
exhibit for 22nd I/ITSEC
IST joined forces with the National Center for Simulation,
UCF and the Economic Development Commission of Mid-Florida, Inc. representing the Florida High-Tech
Corridor to produce a partnership exhibit at the annual
Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and
Education Conference (I/ITSEC) held in Orlando last November.
The end of the year conference drew more than 14,000 participants and
3,000 conference attendees. According to I/ITSEC figures, 392 companies and agencies exhibited
during the event's four days.
Traditionally, IST's most ambitious efforts to showcase current research
projects have been at I/ITSEC. This year was no exception; the island booth was packed with
high technology demos reflecting the conference partnership theme.
Randall Williams, IST's assistant director for information and publications,
coordinated the multi-agency participation and designed the exhibit using hardware from the
Economic Development Commission, UCF's Office of Research and IST.
The EDC's marketing and communications vice
president Maureen Brockman, and business development director
Geoff Brown partnered in that effort and
also designed, and produced banners and graphics for the display.
While exhibitors showed off their bells and whistles on the exhibit floor,
IST researchers shared their expertise at tutorials and paper sessions.
Executive Director Dennis McBride with Jose Sepulveda, UCF Professor
of Industrial Engineering and Management Systems, presented a tutorial on M&S economics.
Christopher Stapleton, Director of Entertainment Research, teamed with
Michael Moshell, Professor of Digital Media and Computer Science, in a tutorial on experience
Dan Mullally and Thomas Clarke of IST and Glenn Boreman of UCF's
Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers presented a paper on intelligent
Cheryl Hamel was the lead researcher for a paper on Internet-based
Guy Schiavone and Brian Goldiez presented their paper on extending
terrain models to simulations on low-cost visual systems. Goldiez also served as session
chair for a team training strategies session and sat on the Training and Live/Virtual Simulation subcommittee.
UCF and IST have long been an integral part of the conference's
educational component. Assistant Vice President for Research,
Mark Yerkes, served as Academic Advisor for the conference and
will continue in that role at I/ITSEC 2001.
$1.7 million Enterprise Florida
award creates technology center
the Central Florida Technology Development Center are nearly
The building will enhance UCF/ISTís capability to provide research facilities mutually
beneficial to the university and the U.S. Army. The Army began its
move to the new building on March 6, 2001.
Legislature appropriated $1.7 million for the project
through Enterprise Florida, Inc. The funding will
enhance research in modeling, simulation and training technologies
of vital interest to both the military and State of Florida.
The Armyís Simulation, Training and
Instrumentation Command (STRICOM) Technology Development Center,
now housed in ISTís building, will share the laboratories. In
return for laboratory space, STRICOM will share its modeling and
simulation experience and valuable simulation equipment with UCF/IST faculty and students and
The Army and
UCF/IST have worked together on simulation research for more than
18 years. This new Central Florida Technology Development Center
will provide cooperative research and learning opportunities for
the M&S community. Over 6,000 sq.ft. is reserved for incubator
companies that can help link technology to product development.
coordinated with Enterprise Florida, Inc., Central Florida
Research Park and the Economic
Development Commission of Mid-Florida, Inc. to obtain the funding.
Theresa L Landwirth, CFO and
Associate Vice President of the UCF Foundation, Inc., hands the
"key" to the new research center to IST Director Dennis
McBride (center) and Robert Sottilare, head of US Army STRICOM's
Technology Development Center, primary tenant of the building.
Renovations to UCF's newest
addition in Central Florida Research Park began early in January.
The project adds 39,000 sq.ft. of space
for simulation labs and offices.
IRT3 creates laser targets
in the mist
Shooting at targets on a live-fire range is expensive, especially
if the trainee hits the target with an explosive or penetrating round designed to destroy a tank.
It's also time consuming to rebuild targets, not to mention the danger posed by nearby unexploded
rounds and sharp metal fragments.
A team of researchers from IST and CREOL (UCF's Center for Research and Education in Optics
and Lasers) assembled an unlikely combination of laser beams and water fountains to see if
they could create a non-perishable target visible to targeting sensors.
University and IST staff and student researchers have demonstrated that the theory is valid;
a prototype may soon be on the horizon.
The project is called Infrared Targets for Testing and Training, thus the IRT3 designation.
The Marine Corps Project Office at the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division is
the sponsor, under its Live Fire Test and Training Program.
Dr. Glenn Boreman, at CREOL, developed an infrared projector compatible with FLIR
(forward-looking infrared radar). Boreman and IST's Dan Mullally and Dr. Tom Clarke helped develop the
concepts for a liquid screen that can bounce the infrared laser beam back to the training
CREOL and IST combined forces to demonstrate a working demo at the recent Interservice/Industry
Training, Simulation and Education Conference in Orlando. The researchers envision tying everything
together over a distributed network that will link geographical location information, computer
generated forces databases and target command and control.
Research Scientist, Dan Mullally.
Glenn Boreman, Professor of Optics and Electrical
Engineering, School of Optics/CREOL
measure readability comes
from IST researcher's formula
If you used the grammar checker in Microsoft Word to check
your last memo, you activated a formula based on research by
IST principal scientist Dr. Peter Kincaid.
The Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level formula used by MS Word to
check your work comes from research Kincaid did for the U. S. Navy in
From the results of his study of 600 Navy enlisted personnel at Mayport Naval Air
Station, he modified the original Flesch Reading Ease Score developed in the '40s by Rudolf Flesch,
author of Why Johnny Can't Read. The US Department of Defense adopted the standard and has used
it for 25 years to test the readability of training manuals developed for military personnel.
Flesch-Kincaid is the most common of more than a dozen methods communicators use to check
readability. The formula compares the average sentence length with the average number of syllables
per word to arrive at a grade level for reading comprehension.
According to Flesch-Kincaid, the first
three paragraphs of this article require a 12th grade reading level, a bit high for the average American
who, according to studies, reads at an 8th grade level.
Although not without controversy, Kincaid's research has stood the test of time. Word processing
industry leader Microsoft considers it to be a reliable measure of how well a piece of writing communicates.
"That's because it's based on solid research," says Kincaid. He acknowledges, however, that
computer-based grammar checkers are at best a basic guide to sentence structure and choice of words.
Kincaid, whose background is in human factors psychology, helps IST apply simulation research
to improve training programs.
IST principal scientist Dr. Peter
Kincaid is an
experimental psychologist human factors
Some of Dr. Kincaid's other
Salas honored by American Psychological Association
The American Psychological Association has conferred its prestigious Franklin V. Taylor Award on IST program director and psychology professor Eduardo Salas.
Head of IST's Department of Human Systems Integration Research, Dr. Salas holds a joint appointment
with the UCF Psychology Department.
Dr. Salas joins the ranks of prominent psychologists honored by the APA's Division of Applied Experimental and Engineering Psychology since 1962. The Taylor award was based on Salas' "outstanding contributions to the field of applied experimental and engineering psychology."
Dr. Salas came to the university and IST from the Naval Air Warfare Center Training Systems Division where from 1984 he was head of the Training Technology Development branch and a senior research scientist.
During this period he served as principal investigator for numerous R&D programs focusing on teamwork, team training, decision-making under stress, performance assessment and advanced training technology.
At IST he leads a "human factors" team of computer scientists, engineers, psychologists and educators in designing tools and techniques to minimize human errors in aviation, law enforcement and medical environments.
Dr Eduardo Salas is Program
of Human Systems Integration Research, with a
joint appointment in the UCF Psychology Department.
More about the Department:
New departments improve research focus
Director, Dr. Dennis McBride has reorganized ISTís research unit structure to be even more responsive to the instituteís project partners. Three new departments combine the strengths of ISTís already established laboratories with new initiative areas to focus selectively on simulation research.
The Department of Applied Research and Technology, headed by Art Cortes, develops and applies modeling and simulation technologies to the specific needs of sponsors. Ongoing research includes visual systems, distributed simulation, media convergence, real-time computing, digital graphics, computer generated forces, algorithm development and testing methods.
Led by Dr. Eduardo Salas, members of the Department of Human Systems Integration Research
conduct research toward a better understanding of how people and technology interact and evolve in a modeling, simulation and training setting. Continuing research includes cognitive modeling, human factors, mathematical algorithms, multi-resolution systems, team training/team dynamics, simulator sickness and modeling paradigms.
ISTís former Information Technology Service Center added the responsibilities of the Performance Technology Group to become the
Department of Information and Learning Technologies. Directed by Robert Reed, DILT personnel develop and promulgate innovative ways to disseminate information needed by the modeling, simulation and training community. More than 20 staff members are schooled in providing solutions to client communication challenges through development and application of Internet-based information and learning systems.
Interdepartmental cooperation is common and encouraged on research projects that cross departmental lines. IST is thus able to bring together the best mix of experts from all areas.
for Simulation & Training, 3280 Progress Dr., Orlando, FL
/ Suncom: 363-1300