Medin Series Lectures
Emergency Informatics at Texas A&M
Robin R. Murphy, Ph.D.
Friday, February 21, 2014
10:30 - 11:30 a.m.
University Tower Building, Room 602,
12201 Research Pkwy, Orlando, FL 32826
This talk will discuss the spectrum of research in emergency informatics at Texas A&M, concentrating on the lessons learned about human- system interaction through concept experimentation at Disaster City®. Emergency informatics is the emerging interdisciplinary, socio-technical field that addresses the information processes (real- time collection, analysis, distribution and visualization) for prevention, preparedness, response and recovery from emergencies.
Texas A&M is in a unique position to study emergency informatics as it also serves as the state agency for urban search and rescue and trains over 280,000 emergency professionals a year. In order to better understand the critical, real-time data-to-decision processes that can be influenced by information technologies, A&M researchers have developed the RESPOND-R open-source test instrument for collecting data on the state of unmanned systems, sensor networks, wireless networks, and human measures. RESPOND-R has been used at the annual Summer Institute concept experimentation exercises on chemical and radiological incidents.
The results include uncovering bottlenecks in the data-to-decision processes with UAS, debunking the assumption that ground and aerial robots will require tightly coupled coordination, and uncovering an instance where human error was actually sensor error. Extensive video will be shown.
Robin Roberson Murphy (IEEE Fellow) is the Raytheon Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at Texas A&M, Director of the Center for Robot-Assisted Search and Rescue and of the Center for Emergency Informatics. She received a B.M.E. in mechanical engineering, a M.S. and Ph.D. in computer science in 1980, 1989, and 1992, respectively, from Georgia Institute of Technology.
She has over 150 publications on artificial intelligence, human-robot interaction, and robotics including the textbook, Introduction to AI Robotics, and Disaster Robotics (2014). Her insertion of tactical ground, air, and marine robots at 15 disasters including the 9/11 World Trade Center disaster, Hurricanes Katrina and Charley, and Fukushima has led to numerous professional awards, such as the Motohiro Kisoi award, as well as being declared an "Innovator in AI" by TIME, an "Alpha Geek" by WIRED Magazine, and one of the "Most Influential Women in Technology" by Fast Company.
In 2002 she co-chaired the DARPA/NSF Study on Human-Robot Interaction that is credited with creating the HRI community. In 2012 co-chaired the NSF/CCC Workshop on Computing for Disasters and the DSB study on the Role of Autonomy for DoD Systems, which has identified the need for new metrics and methods for testing and evaluating autonomy.
Objective and Subjective Assessments of Soldier Cognitive Load
Susannah Whitney, Ph.D.
Monday, December 9, 2013
10:00 - 11:00 a.m.
Partnership III Building, Room 233
3039 Technology Parkway, Orlando, FL 32826
Military personnel frequently operate in demanding and complex environments. It is important to be able to accurately assess their workload. Researchers at the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO), Australia, have adopted a multi-method approach to cognitive load assessment, using a variety of subjective and objective techniques. This presentation provides an overview of the work conducted by the Command and Control team from Land Division at DSTO.
Dr. Susannah Whitney is a Cognitive Scientist employed in the Australian Defence Science and Technology Organisation. DSTO is the Australian Government's lead agency charged with applying science and technology to protect Australia and its national interests.
As a member of DSTO's Land Human Systems team, Susannah is part of a multidisciplinary group conducting human systems integration analysis and experimentation. The team works to support the Australian Army from the individual soldier through to integrated combat vehicles and electronic systems.
Susannah holds a Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Queensland, and an Honours degree in Psychology from the University of Newcastle.
Advanced Technologies for Assessment of Sports Concussion: Virtual Reality and Neuroimaging
Semyon Slobounov, Ph.D.
Director, Penn State Center for Sports Concussion Research and Services; Director, Virtual Reality/Traumatic Brain Injury research laboratory
Thursday, October 31, 2013
10:00am – 11:00am
Partnership III Building, Room 321A
Concussion in athletics is a growing public health concern with increased attention focused on treatment and management of this puzzling epidemic. A critical decision confronting health care practitioners is determining the proper and safest time frame for clearing athletes to resume participation, as premature return-to-play after concussion may put injured athletes at high risk for recurrent and more severe brain injuries. There is still no definitive diagnostic tool prognosticating "true return to normal" at this time.
In this talk Dr Slobounov will outline the current controversies in the field of sports-related concussion research and clinical setting and postulate that both functional and structural brain alterations in "clinically asymptomatic" athletes may be detected via Virtual Reality tools incorporated with advanced brain imaging technologies such as functional MRI, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRS), Diffuse Tensor Imaging (DTI), and Electroencephalography (EEG).
VR/Brain Imaging research conducted at the Penn State Concussion Center addresses the critical clinical challenge of distinguishing whether an apparent return to baseline shortly after the injury truly reflects restoration of pathophysiological processes (true return to normal and safe return-to-play) or if an apparent recovery is a consequence of compensatory mechanisms that instigate chronic brain damage.
Dr. Semyon Slobounov is a Professor in the Department of Kinesiology College of Health of Human Development, Professor of Neurosurgery with Hershey Medical College and Adjunct Professor of Orthopedics and Medical Rehabilitation with Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. He is the director of the Penn State Center for Sports Concussion Research and Services and director of the Virtual Reality/Traumatic Brain Injury research laboratory. His teaching responsibilities include instructing undergraduate and graduate students in the areas of psychology of injury, neural basis of motor behavior, and psychophysiology.
Dr. Slobounov has been conducting clinical work with numerous injured athletes for more than 25 years. His research focused on neural basis of human movements with special emphasis on rehabilitation medicine, psychology and neurophysiology, including traumatic brain injuries. Dr. Slobounov is an adjunct investigator with the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. He has published more than 150 papers in refereed journals, including Experimental Brain Research, Clinical Neurophysiology, Psychophysiology, Brain Research, Neurosurgery, NeuroImage, Journal of Neurotrauma, Neuroscience Letters etc. He is the author of two recently published books by Springer: "Foundations of Sport-Related Injuries" and "Injury in Athletics: Causes and Consequences." His third textbook: "Concussion in Athletics: from Brain to Behavior" is currently in press with Springer.
Dr. Slobounov is an active member of Society for Psychophysiological Research, American Academy of Neurology, American Society of Clinical Neurophysiology and a fellow of American Academy of Kinesiology. He received his first Ph.D. from the University of Leningrad, Department of Psychology, USSR in 1978 and his second Ph.D. from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Kinesiology in 1994.
Visioning Studies: A Socio-Technical Approach to Designing the Future
Diane H. Sonnenwald, University College, Dublin, Ireland
Friday, May 24, 2013
12:00 - 1:00 p.m.
Partnership III, Room 233
Overview: It is increasingly important to understand the potential impact of future technology in complex contexts as early as possible in the R&D cycle. This informs the design of new technology, enhancing the technology's adoption and reducing its unintended negative consequences.
It also uncovers potential conflicts with current social structures, facilitating the identification of enhancements to social structures and/or practices to derive additional benefits from the technology. To discover the potential impact of future technology we have been developing a research approach called "visioning studies." The goal is to understand the perspectives of potential stakeholders and develop socio-technical design recommendations in collaboration with computer science researchers.
I will discuss two complementary approaches to visioning studies that have emerged. One investigates task performance using an experimental design involving task simulation, observation, questionnaires and interviews. The other explores domain implications using a qualitative design including a video depicting the technology vision and semi-structured interviews. To date visioning studies have focused on 3D telepresence technology in collaborative emergency health care and future mobile technology in collaborative police work.
Speaker Bio: Diane H. Sonnenwald is Professor, Chair of Information and Library Studies at University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland, and Adjunct Professor in Computer Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is the first person working outside North America to be elected President of the Association for Information Science & Technology, and is currently serving as Immediate Past President. Diane also served as Head of School in the School of Information and Library Studies at UCD from 2009-2012. She conducts research on collaboration and collaboration technology in a variety of contexts, including inter-disciplinary and inter-organizational collaboration in emergency healthcare, academia, police work and industry. She has published over 80 papers and book chapters, and has been awarded over 20 research grants from national and international foundations, corporations, and funding agencies, including the National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine, the European Science Foundation, and most recently the Motorola Foundation and HW Wilson Foundation. Professor Sonnenwald has a PhD from the School of Communication and Information, Rutgers University.
Future Collaboration between UCF and the Florida Space Institute
Alan Stern, Ph.D., Florida Space Institute
Wednesday, April 18, 2012
Noon - 1:00 p.m.
Partnership II, Room 208
The Florida Space Institute (FSI) is rebooting, with its central mission focused on growing space applications around UCF. The FSI is moving from near NASA Kennedy Space Center to the UCF Research Park. In this talk Dr. Stern will describe FSI's history, vision, and goals, as well as some of the first steps FSI is taking to build UCF's space portfolio.
SPEAKER BIO: Dr. Alan Stern is a planetary scientist, space program executive, aerospace consultant, and author. In 2011, he was appointed Director of the Florida Space Institute. Since 2009 he has been an Associate Vice President at the Southwest Research Institute and has, since 2008, had his own aerospace consulting practice.
Dr. Stern's current and former consulting clients include Jeff Bezos's Blue Origin, Richard Branson's Virgin Galactic, Naveen Jain's Moon Express Google Lunar X-Prize team, Ball Aerospace, the NASTAR Center, Embry Riddle Aeronautical University, and the Johns Hopkins University.
Dr. Stern also serves on the board of directors of the Challenger Center for Space Science Education and the Commercial Spaceflight Federation. He is currently training to fly a series of suborbital space research missions with Virgin Galactic and XCOR Aerospace in 2012-2013.
Dr. Stern also serves as the Chief Scientist and Mission Architect for the Moon Express Google Lunar X-Prize Team. In 2007 and 2008 Dr. Stern served as NASA's chief of all space and Earth science programs, directing a $4.4 billion organization with 93 separate flight missions and a program of over 3,000 research grants. In 2007 he was named to the Time 100's list of most influential people.
Dr. Stern is the Principal Investigator (PI) of NASA's $720M New Horizon's Pluto-Kuiper Belt mission, the largest PI-led space mission ever launched by NASA. In 2010 he became a suborbital payload specialist trainee for the Space Shuttle, and is expected to fly several space missions in 2012-2013.
Near-Earth Objects: Targets for Future Human Exploration, Solar System Science, and Planetary Defense
Paul Abell, Lead Scientist for Planetary Small Bodies, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston
Wednesday, August 31, 2011
Partnership II Building, Room 208
3100 Technology Pkwy, next to Campus
U.S. President Obama stated on April 15, 2010, that the next goal for human spaceflight will be to send human beings to a near-Earth asteroid by 2025. Given this direction from the White House, NASA has been studying various strategies for near-Earth object (NEO) exploration. This mission would be the first human expedition to an interplanetary body beyond the Earth-Moon system and would prove useful for testing technologies required for human missions to Mars and other Solar System destinations.
Missions to NEOs would undoubtedly provide a great deal of technical and engineering data on spacecraft operations for future human space exploration while conducting in-depth scientific investigations of these primitive objects. In addition, the resulting scientific investigations would refine designs for future extraterrestrial resource extraction and utilization, and assist in the development of hazard mitigation techniques for planetary defense.
This presentation will discuss some of the physical characteristics of NEOs and review some of the current plans for NEO research and exploration from both a human and robotic mission perspective.
Dr. Paul Abell is the Lead Scientist for Planetary Small Bodies assigned to the Astromaterials Research and Exploration Science Directorate at the NASA Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. His main areas of interest are physical characterization of near-Earth objects (NEOs) via ground-based and spacecraft observations, examination of NEOs for future robotic and human exploration, and identification of potential resources within the NEO population for future resource utilization. Paul has been studying potentially hazardous asteroids and near-Earth objects for over 15 years. He was a telemetry officer for the Near-Earth Asteroid Rendezvous spacecraft Near-Infrared Spectrometer team and is a science team member on the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Hayabusa near-Earth asteroid sample-return mission. Paul was also a member of the Hayabusa contingency recovery team and participated in the successful recovery of the spacecraft's sample return capsule, which returned to Woomera, Australia in June 2010.
Since 2006 Paul has been a member of an internal NASA team that is examining the possibility of sending astronauts to NEOs for long duration human missions circa 2025 and is currently the lead committee member of the Small Bodies Assessment Group chartered with identifying Human Exploration Opportunities for NEOs. In 2009 he became a science team member of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) Solar System Collaboration tasked with identifying NEOs for future robotic and human space missions, and is also the Science Lead for NEO analog activities and operations of the NASA Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) 15 project.
Advances in Behavioral Science Using
Facial Image Analysis and Synthesis
Jeffrey Cohn, Ph.D.
Professor of Psychology, University of Pittsburgh, Adjunct Fculty, Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University
Thurs., June 30, 2011
10:00 – 10:45 a.m.
Partnership II Building, Room 209
3100 Technology Pkwy, next to Campus
Significant efforts have been made in the analysis and understanding of naturally occurring interpersonal behavior. Active appearance models are an especially exciting approach. They may be used both to measure naturally occurring facial behavior and to synthesize photo-realistic real-time avatars with which to experimentally perturb interpersonal dynamics to identify mechanisms.
Dr. Cohn's interdisciplinary group of psychologists and computer scientists uses and extends both of these capabilities in combination with conventional approaches. He will present recent studies and the opportunities they offer. Using facial image as well as acoustic analysis, achieved among the first automated measurements of physical pain and depression severity from expressive behavior; using image synthesis, researchers achieved real-time rendering and manipulation of face identity and dynamics. Findings inform behavioral science and raise new challenges for computer vision, machine learning, and human-robot interaction.
Jeffrey Cohn received his PhD in psychology from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Dr. Cohn has led interdisciplinary and inter-institutional efforts to develop advanced methods of automatic analysis of facial expression and prosody and applied those tools to research in human emotion, interpersonal processes, social development, and psychopathology. He co-developed influential databases, Cohn-Kanade, MultiPIE, and Pain Archive, co-edited two recent special issues of Image and Vision Computing on facial expression analysis, and co-chaired the 8th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition (FG 2008).
M&S Seminar Series 2014
(formerly Lunch 'n' Learn Series) Older Lunch 'n' learn
Agent-Based Computational Modeling of Innovation Ecosystems:
Towards a Better Understanding of the Impact of Business Incubation
on Economic Ecosystem Dynamics
Ivan Garibay, Ph.D.
Friday, February 28, 2014
12:00 - 1:00 p.m.
Partnership III Building, Room 233
Pkwy, Orlando, FL 32826
The recent financial crisis has prompted a reconsideration of some of the most fundamental assumptions made by widely used mainstream macroeconomic models. This has led to a renewed interest on alternative economic modeling that can accommodate a more flexible set of assumptions.
Ivan Garibay presents an agent-based computational model of a minimal innovation-driven economic ecosystem. He shows that this minimal model exhibits properties of real economic systems, and uses this model to study real-world policy questions: Is business incubation beneficial or harmful for the long-term economic wellbeing of a region? What types of business incubation programs are more effective? Can injection of resources into an economic ecosystem produce a permanent improvement on its economic output?
Ivan Garibay has over fifteen years of experience in the information technology sector combining industry and academic environments. Dr. Garibay earned his Ph.D. degree at the Computer Science Department at UCF, where he holds a joint appointment: Director of Technology and Innovation at the Office of Research and Commercialization, and Assistant Professor at IST.
He is also Joint Faculty at the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Electrical and Computer Engineering Division. He is a member of AAAI, AAAS, IEEE, and ACM and serves as a reviewer for multiple journals including Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines Journal, the Evolutionary Computation Journal, the IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems, and the Neural Networks Journal.
In addition, Dr. Garibay is currently serving as the founding director of the UCF Complex Adaptive Systems Laboratory and his current research interests include agent-based modeling, network science, evolutionary computation, complex systems, economic and social complexity, and technological innovation and its impact on innovation ecosystems and economic growth.
Summer Lecture Series
Understanding Social Signals in Human-Robot Interaction:
Effects of Robot Gaze and Proxemic Behahior
Travis J. Wiltshire, Graduate Research Associate, Cognitive
Sciences Lab, IST
Friday, May 3, 2013
3:30 - 4:30 p.m.
Partnership II, Room 141
Overview: As robots are increasingly deployed in settings requiring social interaction, research is needed to examine the social signals perceived by humans when robots convey certain social cues.
In this talk, Mr. Wiltshire will first provide a brief overview of perspectives from social cognition in humans and how these processes are applicable to human-robot interactions. He will then discuss the need to examine the relationship between social cues and signals as a function of the degree to which a robot is perceived as a socially present agent. Discussion of a recent experiment in which social cues were manipulated on the Ava™ model robot, designed by iRobot®, in a hallway navigation scenario will conclude the talk.
Results are reported in terms of the effects social cues had on perceived social presence as well as emotional and interpersonal attributions to the robot. The discussion focuses on implications for the design of robotic systems and future directions for research on the relationship between social cues and signals.
Speaker Bio: Travis Wiltshire is pursuing his Ph.D. in Modeling & Simulation at UCF and works as a graduate research associate in the Cognitive Sciences Lab at IST. He has an M.S. in Human Factors & Systems from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University and has worked as an instructional systems designer in the simulation and training industry. His current research includes: theoretical and experimental aspects of social cognition with modeling applications for understanding human-robot interactions, complex collaborative problem solving in NASA's Mission Control Center, external team cognition, embodied and enactive music learning processes, and educational practices facilitating the development of adaptive expertise in Air Traffic Control.
Cognition and the Classics:
Examining the Limits and the Potential of Interactive Technologies for Traditional Narrative Texts
Said Jardaneh, Texts & Technology
RESCHEDULED: Friday, July 20, 2012
3:30 - 4:30 p.m.
Partnership II, Room 141
Summer refreshments will be served
The written word has existed for thousands of years as a primary means of passing down and internalizing stories from generation to generation. Although stories are expressed in many forms, those expressed through books may be unique in their transformative qualities. In this presentation Said Jardaneh will discuss how technology is increasingly incorporating narrative into interactive environments in a variety of ways and often immersing the user in ever more realistic experiential scenarios. He will discuss the positive and negative aspects of these changes and question what is potentially lost with these advancements. Jardaneh will describe how concepts from cognitive science, including theories of self and identity along with narrative transportation and transformation, must be taken into account when adapting narrative to the medium of interactive technology.
SPEAKER BIO: Said Jardaneh teaches the Interdisciplinary Studies Cornerstone and Capstone courses at UCF, and has taught American Government. Said is a true interdisciplinarian at heart, having served for a number of years as an intelligence analyst for the U.S. Navy in Europe, and as a registered representative in the brokerage industry. He holds a B.A. in Political Science (HIM) and an M.A. in Interdisciplinary Studies (earned concurrently with the Cognitive Science Certificate here at UCF).
Said continues to be fascinated by the correspondence between the inner subjective world and the external objective realm of physical reality. As such, classical history, philosophy, and theology continue to be an inexhaustible source of inspiration for Said. He is currently preparing for his candidacy exams in UCF's Text & Technology doctoral program. His research explores the digital-analog dichotomy of technology as relates to thought and behavior (i.e. consciousness) in the digital age, and he is working with UCF's Center for Digital Humanities and Research on the Charles Brockden Brown project.
The Summer Lecture Series is co-sponsored by IST, the Cognitive Sciences Program, and UCF's Cognitive Sciences Student Association. For more information, please contact Dr. Stephen M. Fiore.